Man may be known to use race horses for racing since this specie was first domesticated. Historical evidences uncover that as early as 4500 BC, the actual nomadic people of Central Asia has already developed systems of horse racing. In fact, the Greeks tend to be known to have incorporated horse racing in the Olympics since 638 BC.
Both the chariot horse racing and the mounted horse racing were popular during these ages. These later on grew to become an obsession among Romans when they have adopted the sport.
For thousand of years that followed, this type of sports was known to be performed only for the noble men as well as royalties.
Contemporary racing is believed to have started in the 12th hundred years when the first reproduction between Arabian and English horses were made. These were sparred by the return of the noble knights to the mother land after the Crusades. These are known to possess produced sturdy horses with superb speed. Thus, breeders maximized the potentiality of a racehorse as well as put all of them into tracks. This breed is the Thoroughbred that we know of today which is still the most popular breed in the United Kingdom.
King Charles II had been known to have held horse races in his private courses throughout 1660 to 1685.
Through the 16th century, the English had been known to produce a number of racecourses. Queen Anne who founded the Ascot in 1711 is known to have made horse racing an official sport.
Halfway in 1700ï¿½s, the Jockey Club was made through the initiation of the elite figures involved with horse racing. This business was the first legion of jockeys that established the actual comprehensive rules and regulations including the standards as covered by the sports. Thus, these people grew to become the overseers of the sports and sanctioned horse racing occasions.
The Jockey Club was also the initiator for the legislation of breeding among race horses. Thus, James Weatherby, an accountant of the Jockey Club during those times, traced back the family lines of all racing breeds in England. His researches brought forth the book of the General Stud Book, that was basically, the basis of authority in terms of the breeds that may be put to competition. Based on the General Stud Book, only individuals pedigrees which have descended in the line of the “foundations sires” are considered as Thoroughbreds. The building blocks sires are the: Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian as well as Godolphin Arabian.
Only in 17th century did the sport arrive in America for which the initial racetrack was seen in the Long Island. While it has turned into a favorite activity among Americans, no one initiated the formalization of horse racing until after the Civil War. Due to the already-established obsession plus the industrial development, as well as widespread gambling on horse races, the sport grew largely by the year 1890 when 314 operating tracks are considered to be on regular operation in the country.
Because of the lack of a governing body, this sport had become purely dominated by criminal elements. In 1894 though, the most prominent and high-ranking stable owners met and organized the American Jockey Club which was patterned on the system as used by the Jockey Club in England.
Nowadays the sport has reached various countries across the globe. Governing bodies were also formed to regulate the horse racing events.